History

History is the study of the complex forces in the past that precipitate change in the human environment. These forces include ideas, political and economic developments, and social and cultural conditions. Historical investigation demands logical thinking and critical analysis as well as imagination and intuition. Students of history learn to recognize the significance of the sequential nature of events and to bring order to apparently random facts. Historical knowledge fosters an appreciation of human diversity, a global perspective, and a rich comprehension of the contemporary world and one’s own experience.

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The History major challenges students to understand the present by knowing its short- and long-term causes that have brought it into existence. All events, students learn, are the result of a complex interaction of forces. Students learn to differentiate between major and minor causes of events. This major is an excellent foundation for careers in teaching, research of all varieties, law, community service and business, among others.

DEGREE OFFERED

The Bachelor of Arts degree is offered in History.

History Major

Bachelor of Arts

The major consists of eight courses (32 credit hours). No more than two of these courses may be at the 100 level, while one must be at the 300 level, and one must be the HIST 400 Seminar. The remainder of the courses may be at the 200 or 300 level. An Historical Perspectives course taught by the Department of History faculty counts toward the major requirements.

Students may choose an area of historical specialization but must take at least one course in each of the following three geographical areas: United States, Europe and non-Western (e.g., Asia, Africa or Latin America). In addition, they must take one course focusing on history before 1800 and one course focusing on history after 1800, in order to ensure a breadth of chronological knowledge.

The capstone course for the major is HIST 400 Research Seminar, recommended to be taken in the junior year, particularly for students planning to complete a two-semester thesis. It is required of all students majoring in history and is generally taught in the evening every semester. As preparation for this research, students must take at least two courses at the 200 level prior to taking the seminar. It is strongly advised to take a history course at the 300 level prior to taking the seminar course.

To develop their understanding of how historical knowledge relates to other academic disciplines, students may take one course taught by a faculty member outside the Department of History, provided that the course has been approved for the major by the department in advance (e.g., ECON 302 Economic History of the U.S.).

Any two 100-level history courses (score of 4 or 5 on an AP history exam will count as one 100-level history course - 8 credits
CHOOSE ONE COURSE (4 credits)
HIST 101 The Medieval Web - 4 credits
HIST 233 Medieval Civilization: Crusades and Chivalry - 4 credits
HIST 235 The Renaissance and Florence - 4 credits
HIST 236 Reformation: Luther to Fox - 4 credits
HIST 241 Africa before 1800 - 4 credits
HIST 271 Colonial Latin America - 4 credits
HIST 336 The Elizabethan Age - 4 credits
HIST 383 Imperial China - 4 credits
HIST 385 Medieval Japan - 4 credits
IDS 452 Ancient Greece Homer - Socrates - 4 credits

CHOOSE ONE COURSE (4 credits)
HIST 103 U.S. Origins: From Pre-Colonial Times to 1877 - 4 credits
HIST 104 Modern Times: The U.S. from 1877 to the Present - 4 credits
HIST 205 United States Imperialism and Progressivism - 4 credits
HIST 212 American Frontiers - 4 credits
HIST 221 North Carolina:  Demographic History - 4 credits
HIST 222 North Carolina History - 4 credits
HIST 223 Gender and Power in US History - 4 credits
HIST 225 African American History - 4 credits
HIST 227 Urban Environmental History - 4 credits
HIST 276 Civil War and Reconstruction - 4 credits
HIST 302 Economic History of the United States - 4 credits
HIST 303 US Social History and Social Memory - 4 credits
HIST 308 The Underground Railroad - 4 credits
HIST 311 The US since 1945 - 4 credits
HIST 312 Indians in American History since 1800 - 4 credits
HIST 315 The Civil Rights Movement - 4 credits
HIST 324 American Rivers - 4 credits
CHOOSE ONE COURSE (4 credits)
HIST 101 The Medieval Web - 4 credits
HIST 102 The Web of Europe since 1400 - 4 credits
HIST 233 Medieval Civilization: Crusades and Chivalry - 4 credits
HIST 235 The Renaissance and Florence - 4 credits
HIST 236 Reformation: Luther to Fox - 4 credits
HIST 237 Europe in Revolution - 4 credits
HIST 238 War and Peace - 4 credits
HIST 245 Europe since World War II - 4 credits
HIST 255 The Second World War - 4 credits
HIST 289 The French Revolution and Napoleon - 4 credits
HIST 314 Immigration & a Multicultural Europe, 1800-Present - 4 credits
HIST 319 Europe Between the Wars - 4 credits
HIST 336 The Elizabethan Age - 4 credits
IDS 452 Ancient Greece Homer - Socrates - 4 credits
CHOOSE ONE COURSE (4 CREDITS)
HIST 241 African before 1800 - 4 credits
HIST 242 African since 1800 - 4 credits
HIST 264 The Asian Pacific in Modern Times - 4 credits
HIST 266 Contemporary Chinese Society in Film - 4 credits
HIST 268 History of Chinese Women - 4 credits
HIST 271 Colonial Latin America - 4 credits
HIST 343 Women in Modern Africa - 4 credits
HIST 383 Imperial China - 4 credits
HIST 384 China in Revolution - 4 credits
HIST 385 Medieval Japan - 4 credits
HIST 386 Japan: The Road to War - 4 credits

Any HIST 300 level course
HIST 400 Seminar in History - 4 credits

Total credits required for A.B. degree in History – 32 credits

History Minor

Early World History Track

The minor consists of four courses 16 credit hours (four courses) in one of the following four coherent clusters of study. Each student taking the history minor must take at least one 300 level course within their chosen region.

CHOOSE FOUR COURSES - one course permitted from each of the four regions: Europe, Africa, Asia and Colonial Americas (16 credits)
HIST 101 The Medieval Web - 4 credits
HIST 103 The U.S. to 1877 - 4 credits
HIST 233 Medieval Civilization: Crusades and Chivalry - 4 credits
HIST 235 The Renaissance in Florence - 4 credits
HIST 236 Reformation: Luther to Fox - 4 credits
HIST 241 Africa Before 1800 - 4 credits
HIST 271 Colonial Latin America - 4 credits
HIST 336 The Elizabethan Age - 4 credits
HIST 383 Imperial China - 4 credits
HIST 385 Medieval Japan - 4 credits
Any HIST 250, 350 or 450 course before 1800 - 4 credits
IDS 452 Ancient Greece Homer - Socrates - 4 credits
Total credit hours required for History, Early World History Focus Minor – 16 credits

European History Track

The minor consists of four courses 16 credit hours (four courses) in one of the following four coherent clusters of study. Each student taking the history minor must take at least one 300 level course within their chosen region.

CHOOSE FOUR COURSES (16 credits)
HIST 101 The Medieval Web - 4 credits
HIST 102 The Web of Europe since 1400 - 4 credits
HIST 233 Medieval Civilization: Crusades and Chivalry - 4 credits
HIST 235 Renaissance in Florence - 4 credits
HIST 236 Reformation: Luther to Fox - 4 credits
HIST 237 Europe in Revolution  - 4 credits
HIST 238 War and Peace: 20th-Century Europe - 4 credits
HIST 245 Europe since World War II - 4 credits
HIST 255 The Second World War - 4 credits
HIST 289 The French Revolution and Napoleon - 4 credits
HIST 314 Immigration & a Multicultural Europe, 1800-Present - 4 credits
HIST 319 Europe Between the Wars - 4 credits
HIST 336 The Elizabethan Age - 4 credits
Any HIST 250, 350 or 450 course with a European theme - 4 credits
IDS 452 Ancient Greece Homer - Socrates - 4 credits

Total credit hours required for History, European History Focus Minor – 16 credits

Modern World History Track

The minor consists of four courses 16 credit hours (four courses) in one of the following four coherent clusters of study. Each student taking the history minor must take at least one 300 level course within their chosen region.
 

CHOOSE FOUR COURSES - ONE COURSE PERMITTED FROM EACH OF THE FOUR REGIONS: EUROPE, AFRICA, ASIA AND COLONIAL AMERICAS (16 CREDITS)
HIST 104 The U.S. since 1877 - 4 credits
HIST 205 American Imperialism / American Progressivism - 4 credits
HIST 212 American Frontiers - 4 credits
HIST 227 Urban Environmental History - 4 credits
HIST 237 Europe in Revolution - 4 credits
HIST 238 War and Peace: 20th-Century Europe - 4 credits
HIST 242 Africa Since 1800 - 4 credits
HIST 255 The Second World War - 4 credits
HIST 264 Asian Pacific in Modern Times - 4 credits
HIST 266 Contemporary Chinese Society in Film - 4 credits
HIST 268 History of Chinese Women - 4 credits
HIST 272 Modern Latin America - 4 credits
HIST 276 Civil War and Reconstruction - 4 credits
HIST 302 Economic History of the United States - 4 credits
HIST 311 The U.S. Since 1945 - 4 credits
HIST 312 Indians in American History since 1800 - 4 credits
HIST 324 American Rivers - 4 credits
HIST 384 China in Revolution - 4 credits
HIST 386 Japan: The Road to War - 4 credits
Any HIST 250, 350 or 450 course from the 19th and 20th Century - 4 credits

Total credit hours required for History, Modern World History Focus Minor – 16 credits

U.S. History Track

CHOOSE FOUR COURSES (16 credits)
HIST 103 The U.S. to 1877 - 4 credits
HIST 104 The U.S. since 1877 - 4 credits
HIST 205 American Imperialism / American Progressivism - 4 credits
HIST 212 American Frontiers - 4 credits
HIST 221 North Carolina:  Demographic History - 4 credits
HIST 222 North Carolina History - 4 credits
HIST 223 Gender and Power in U.S. History - 4 credits
HIST 225 African-American History - 4 credits
HIST 227 Urban Environmental History - 4 credits
HIST 276 Civil War and Reconstruction - 4 credits
HIST 303 U.S. Social History and Memory - 4 credits
HIST 308 The Underground Railroad - 4 credits
HIST 311 U.S. History Since 1945 - 4 credits
HIST 312 Indians in American History since 1800 - 4 credits
HIST 315 The Civil Rights Movement - 4 credits
HIST 324 American Rivers - 4 credits
Any HIST 250, 350 or 450 course with a U.S. theme - 4 credits

Total credit hours required for History, U.S. History Focus Minor – 16 credits

Medieval/Early Modern Studies

The medieval and early modern period (ca. 400-1800 C.E.) has been profoundly formative of the world we live in today. Study of this period, a time markedly different from our own, provides a crucial vantage point for understanding the present age. The medieval/early modern studies minor aims at introducing students to interdisciplinary developments in literature, religion, history, philosophy and culture. It explores such matters as: the determination of life’s meaning; the encounter with diverse civilizations; the pursuit (or evasion) of truth through reason, faith and experience; the unsettled confluence of three great world religions (Christianity, Judaism and Islam); the relation among religion, arts and science; the origins of romantic love and humanism; the development of bourgeois society and urban centers out of feudalism and manorialism; the emergence of the great national literatures of Europe; and the shaping of the mythological foundations of the modern West.

Although the locus of study is clearly Europe, students may take courses in medieval China, Japan and Africa, which offer alternative perspectives on this time period and our own.

The minor requires a minimum of 17 credit hours (four courses).

GST 225 Medieval & Renaissance Culture - 4 credits

CHOOSE FOUR COURSES (16 credits)
HIST 235 Renaissance in Florence - 4 credits
ENGL 151 King Arthur - 4 credits
ENGL 151 Fairies, Witches, Rebels, Caribs - 4 credits
ENGL 221 British Literature I - 4 credits
ENGL 223 Shakespeare - 4 credits
ENGL 288 Shakespeare & Film - 4 credits
ENGL 306 Medieval Literature - 4 credits
ENGL 309 Early Modern Literature - 4 credits
HIST 101 The Medieval Web - 4 credits
HIST 233 Medieval Civilization: Crusades and Chivalry - 4 credits
HIST 235 The Renaissance - 4 credits
HIST 236 Reformation - 4 credits
HIST 241 Africa before 1800 - 4 credits
HIST 271 Colonial Latin America - 4 credits
HIST 336 The Elizabethan Age - 4 credits
HIST 383 Imperial China - 4 credits
HIST 385 Medieval Japan - 4 credits
PHIL 310 Ancient Western Philosophy - 4 credits
PHIL 320 Modern Western Philosophy - 4 credits
PSCI 106 Classics in Political Thought - 4 credits
REL 236 Reformation: Luther to Fox - 4 credits
REL 240 History of Christianity - 4 credits
REL 288 Witches, Ghosts & Demons - 4 credits
SPAN 323 Culture and Society - 4 credits
THEA 130 Theatre and Culture I - 4 credits

Total credit hours required for medieval/early modern studies minor – 17 credits

Various special topics courses that are medieval or early-modern in content may also be counted toward the minor (for example, ENGL 250 Dante, ENGL 350 Chaucer or HIST 250 Studies in the Renaissance). Please see the MEMS coordinator for petition information.

In order to provide coherence to the minor, students are required to build a portfolio of major essays that they have written in each of their four courses. Students will cap this portfolio with an analytical summary prior to completing the minor.

History at Guilford

Experiential Learning Opportunities

Internships

History majors have completed internships at the following locations:

  • Friends Historical Collection at Guilford College
  • Greensboro and High Point historical museums
  • Tannenbaum Historic Park
  • Guilford Battleground Park
  • Women’s Resource Center
  • local law offices
  • local and national historical sites and archeological digs

History Faculty